Notes on CRAFTS

Plastic Art is a work of art that is created manually in 3D, though some are actually produced in 2D, e.g. textiles.  Plastic paintings give the illusion of having 3D volume, while actual 3D works have tactile interest.

Crafts were originally only produced for their functional purposes, e.g.clay pots to store or cook in, and the weaving of cloth for clothing etc.  Gradually crafts began to be decorated, so they had aesthetic value as well as functional.  Cloth went beyond protection to fashion.

Image result for crafts art

Crafts have become functionally redundant now, e.g. cloth is now produced industrially instead of manually, and weapons are now used as decorations for walls rather than for hunting.  Crafts are now thought of as artistic rather than functional.

Image result for crafts art
Cool Yard Yonder

Originally, raw materials for the craftwork came from nature – stone, wood, glass, fibre, clay, ore, wax, feathers, fur, hide, and mud.  Today craftwork includes industrially produced materials – plastic, polyester, metals, polyethylene, etc.  it is still called craftsmanship.

Illustration, fine arts, and crafts are in separate areas, but are all equal – not one is more important than the another.
Craft: Skill, artistic ability, trade occupation.
Fine Art: Artistic skill,  creative and aesthetic.
Artisan: is one trained to manual dexterity and skill.

Image result for glass arts and crafts
Pipaluk Lake Glass

GLASS:  Molten, blown into shapes then cooled to solidity.  It may be painted, etched, sculpted, glazed, cut into pieces and reassembled, and used architecturally, either decoratively or functionally.

METAL:   Used for a long time, historically.  It may be hammered, rolled, moulded, cast, welded, rivetted, and in plate-form.  Damascus steel from the dark ages was stronger than the steel of today, but the formula can’t be reproduced.  Developed from 500AD to 900AD and used for coinage, weapons, agriculture, ornaments, jewellery, and in architecture both structurally and decoratively.

Image result for arts crafts textiles   Image result for arts crafts textiles   Image result for arts crafts textiles
Textile Art – Practical, 3D, Decorative, Figurative.

TEXTILES: Created by using fibres – cotton, linen, flax, silk, skin, hide, hair, wool, fur and treebark.  It may be woven, pressed, tanned, dried, stretched, knitted, crocheted, knotted as in macrame, and beaten down as in tappa (bark) to make cloth.  it was used as trade goods, e.g. Persian carpets and silk bolts of cloth were used as money, and for treaty settlements and dowries.

CERAMICS:   This is the oldest for known to man, the making of objects from clay.  The Lascaux caves contain clay bisque in relief on the walls. Clay was used to make adobe bricks, pots for drinking and eating, sarcophagi for burials (in terracotta), tablets for writing messages, and beads for trade.  A potter (or ceramicist) works with clay, creating funtional and decorative items, either hand-built or wheel-thrown.
Hand-built – rolling coils to spiral, then coil into pots, slab pots, pinch pots.

Image result for old ceramics

Wheel thrown – shaping clay on a wheel – this was the first tool trade.
the clay is dried in the sun or kiln dried.  The heat changes the chemical composition of the clay.  The pieces are decorated with glazes baked on, painted before or after firing, and coloured oxides are used.  Different types of firing methods are reduction and oxidization.  They are classed according to the type of clay and firing temperature used:

Image result for ceramics   Image result for ceramics sculpture
Jennifer McCurdy;   Clay and Glass – Art-O-Matic

Earthenware:  coarse clay, low temperature.
Stoneware:  finer clay, mid temperature.
China:  finer clay still, higher temperature.
Porcelain:  fine white clay (Kaolin), fired extremely high temperature to give a translucent affect.

Image result for porcelain sculpture   Image result for porcelain sculpture
Cindy Weaver – Porcelain;       Lindsay Feuer Ceramics

For 3D ART:
Form:  includes material used, visual, how made, function, reason it’s made that way.
Shape:   not only outer contours but interior planes, and inner voids.
Mass:  is the actual physical solidity of it, but can be unshapen pliable material, e.g. mass of clay.

Jud House   2/09/2016

. . . . .

 

Advertisements

Author: judsartwork

I write reviews of Adventure and Hidden Object games that are Crime, Fantasy, SciFi, Renovation, Travel, Quest and/or Mystery by genre. I have a Masters in Writing (2006) and have been writing novels, both crime and fantasy for many years; plus Haiku, verse, and prose both fictional and literary. I am also an artist of modern, Acrylic, textural and hard edge work, underwater, fantasy, expressionist, and Cosmos paintings. I use mixed media (Acrylic, Watercolour, Pastels) in textural Monoprints, finding surprises to expose within each work. Having both an analytical and creative mind has meant that I have strong powers of observation, and the persistence required to follow computer problems through till I solve them. Of course I am not always successful, but am willing to ask for a little help in order to then unlock the main problem myself. My Troubleshooting Blog, 'Problems and Solutions', was the result of my tenacity.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s