Plastic Art is a work of art that is created manually in 3D, though some are actually produced in 2D, e.g. textiles. Plastic paintings give the illusion of having 3D volume, while actual 3D works have tactile interest.
Crafts were originally only produced for their functional purposes, e.g.clay pots to store or cook in, and the weaving of cloth for clothing etc. Gradually crafts began to be decorated, so they had aesthetic value as well as functional. Cloth went beyond protection to fashion.
Crafts have become functionally redundant now, e.g. cloth is now produced industrially instead of manually, and weapons are now used as decorations for walls rather than for hunting. Crafts are now thought of as artistic rather than functional.
Cool Yard Yonder
Originally, raw materials for the craftwork came from nature – stone, wood, glass, fibre, clay, ore, wax, feathers, fur, hide, and mud. Today craftwork includes industrially produced materials – plastic, polyester, metals, polyethylene, etc. it is still called craftsmanship.
Illustration, fine arts, and crafts are in separate areas, but are all equal – not one is more important than the another.
Craft: Skill, artistic ability, trade occupation.
Fine Art: Artistic skill, creative and aesthetic.
Artisan: is one trained to manual dexterity and skill.
Pipaluk Lake Glass
GLASS: Molten, blown into shapes then cooled to solidity. It may be painted, etched, sculpted, glazed, cut into pieces and reassembled, and used architecturally, either decoratively or functionally.
METAL: Used for a long time, historically. It may be hammered, rolled, moulded, cast, welded, rivetted, and in plate-form. Damascus steel from the dark ages was stronger than the steel of today, but the formula can’t be reproduced. Developed from 500AD to 900AD and used for coinage, weapons, agriculture, ornaments, jewellery, and in architecture both structurally and decoratively.
Textile Art – Practical, 3D, Decorative, Figurative.
TEXTILES: Created by using fibres – cotton, linen, flax, silk, skin, hide, hair, wool, fur and treebark. It may be woven, pressed, tanned, dried, stretched, knitted, crocheted, knotted as in macrame, and beaten down as in tappa (bark) to make cloth. it was used as trade goods, e.g. Persian carpets and silk bolts of cloth were used as money, and for treaty settlements and dowries.
CERAMICS: This is the oldest for known to man, the making of objects from clay. The Lascaux caves contain clay bisque in relief on the walls. Clay was used to make adobe bricks, pots for drinking and eating, sarcophagi for burials (in terracotta), tablets for writing messages, and beads for trade. A potter (or ceramicist) works with clay, creating funtional and decorative items, either hand-built or wheel-thrown.
Hand-built – rolling coils to spiral, then coil into pots, slab pots, pinch pots.
Wheel thrown – shaping clay on a wheel – this was the first tool trade.
the clay is dried in the sun or kiln dried. The heat changes the chemical composition of the clay. The pieces are decorated with glazes baked on, painted before or after firing, and coloured oxides are used. Different types of firing methods are reduction and oxidization. They are classed according to the type of clay and firing temperature used:
Jennifer McCurdy; Clay and Glass – Art-O-Matic
Earthenware: coarse clay, low temperature.
Stoneware: finer clay, mid temperature.
China: finer clay still, higher temperature.
Porcelain: fine white clay (Kaolin), fired extremely high temperature to give a translucent affect.
Cindy Weaver – Porcelain; Lindsay Feuer Ceramics
For 3D ART:
Form: includes material used, visual, how made, function, reason it’s made that way.
Shape: not only outer contours but interior planes, and inner voids.
Mass: is the actual physical solidity of it, but can be unshapen pliable material, e.g. mass of clay.
Jud House 2/09/2016
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